The recognition, validation and accreditation (RVA) of non-formal and informal learning outcomes is not a privilege or a luxury. For refugees of the Syria crisis, it can be a transformative, life-changing mechanism. It provides them with an alternative route to a qualification, fosters a commitment to lifelong learning, and can help individuals to enter the labour market or get a better job. Crucially, too, it gives refugees an opportunity to participate in their host society, helping promote social inclusion and build more sustainable, cohesive communities. This pub-lication is intended to provide insight and guidance to policy-makers who wish to make a difference in these areas, and offer Syrian refugees genuine ‘pathways to empowerment’.