The global COVID-19 crisis has affected education systems around the world, including higher education institutions (HEIs), as most of them have been forced to close their premises and temporarily discontinue on-campus learning. This has had multiple effects, both on the student population but also on the modus operandi of HEIs. For example, it has affected the learning experience of higher education students pursuing their undergraduate and postgraduate degrees; the sudden and unplanned shift to digital modalities has meant the reconfiguration of whole courses; the pandemic has also affected 'lifelong learning' activities of HEIs, prompting more flexible learning formats, such as short-cycle courses, open lectures and public talks, offered to local communities and learners of all ages.
UNESCO COVID-19 Education Response. Education Sector issue notes. Issue note 5.3