Pure pastoralism comprises about 60% of the Somali population, and agropastoralism approximately 25%. Both livelihoods follow a very general pattern of seasonal movement to choose appropriate grazing pastures for their animals. In the education field, the pastoralists in Somali have suffered a long period of neglect and marginalization under past governments. Consequently, during the past 8 years, the government of Ethiopia has given special attention and support to the development of education in pastoral areas, particularly through Alternative Basic Education (ABE). This provides a permanent educational facility for communities that are settled for at least 8 months of the year; offering the first cycle of primary (grades 1- 4) in a manner that is flexible to the pastoral livelihood.